Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia.
Department of Conservative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia.
Department of Oral Microbiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia.
Background: Radiographic features provide the detailed anatomy of teeth and bones for the diagnosis of disease and for the evaluation of treatment. Radiograph imaging can analyse characteristics that influence treatment planning and outcomes. This systematic review assessed methods of radiography used in HIV-infected patients.
Objective: To summarise the results of the most recently cited methods for analysis of the condition of teeth and bone using radiographic examination in HIV-infected patients.
Materials & Methods: A search for articles was conducted - the criteria for inclusion, that they referenced "analysis of periapical and panoramic radiographs that used to evaluate condition of HIV-patient teeth and bone". Three electronic databases used Pubmed, EBSCO, Proquest that included the kandaga digital repositories owned by Universitas Padjadjaran.
Results: 26 studies were identified, which between them included 10 article using periapical radiograph and sixteen article using panoramic radiograph. There is currently insufficient evidence for the CBCT 3D radiograph technique.
Conclusion: This systematic review recommends the use of other digital analysis methods for detecting specific characteristics to diagnose and evaluate before and after treatment, such as fractal dimension and pixel intensity.
The second recommended method is the CBCT 3D radiography modality enrolling HIV- infected patients as the gold standard for diagnosis and evaluation of treatment.
Keywords: Periapical Radiograph, Panoramic Radiograph, CBCT Radiograph, HIV