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**Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia.

Dentomaxillofacial Radiology Residency Program, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to obtain the value of linear measurement of the condyle position in HIV- infected children and adolescents based on panoramic radiographs.

Methods: This descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out on panoramic radiographs of HIV-infected children and adolescents. The linear measurement from the conditional position was measured using a protractor which divided the condyle into the anterior joint space 45°, superior 90° and 135° posterior from the horizontal line. Then the distance was measured using a digital calliper.

Results: According to linear measurements of the conditional position, all samples had abnormal linear distances in children and adolescents in all gender. The normal anterior joint space is 1.5 mm. superior joint space of 2.5 mm and posterior joint space of 1.5 mm.

In the sample of the right condyle woman, the normal distance of the anterior joint space is 0%, the normal distance of the superior joint space is 24%, the normal distance of the posterior joint space is 4%. While the left condyle, the normal distance of the anterior joint space is 4%, the normal distance of the superior joint is 12%, the normal distance of the posterior joint space is 16%. In the sample of the right condyle man, the normal distance of the anterior joint space is 0%, the normal distance of the superior joint space is 11.76%, the normal distance of the posterior joint space is 11.76%. While the left condyle, the normal distance of the anterior joint space is 0%, the normal distance of the superior joint space is 17.65%, the normal distance of the posterior joint space is 23.53%.

Conclusions: Abnormal distance measured in a sample of HIV-infected children and adolescents.