Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Residency Program, RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia
Introduction: Tooth extraction is the most common dental treatment provided for patients living with HIV infection, including odontectomy. Early management of impacted teeth in HIV patients is necessary to avoid various complications.
Discussion: HIV is a virus that can cause AIDS. This virus attacks humans and attacks the body's immune system (immunity), so the body is weakened in fighting infections. Two factors to be considered when planning odontectomy for patients with HIV infection are a diagnosis that the lesion justifies the need for odontectomy together with the patient's medical assessment including pathways of infection, stages of disease, laboratory tests and drug therapy.
Conclusion: The most frequent post extraction complications are delays in the process of wound healing, and surgical wound infections. Fortunately, this complication tends to occur infrequently and is usually not too severe; the complications can be managed on an outpatient basis and the prevalence may decrease with the initial management of impacted teeth.
Keywords: early management, HIV infection, impaction