Dental Treatment Information

Featured Articles

A Call to Action

Helen Bednarsh, BS, RDH, MPH, and Kathy Eklund, RDH, MPH


Two Institute of Medicing reports paint a dire picture of oral health and access to care problems in the United States, but provide solutions on how to fix them.

Create an Opportunity for Intervention

David A. Reznik, DDS & Helene Bednarsh, BS, RDH, MPH


The dental team can play an important role in all phases of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus care continuum – from diagnosis to disease management.
International Dental Journal supplement on oral health for an ageing population now online
FDI World Dental | January 9, 2018
NATAP: Regular Exercise/Immunity-Aging
JADA Looks At Effectiveness Of Fluoride Varnish Treatment For Carious Lesions
Updated US Public Health Service Guidelines for the Management of Occupational Exposures to Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Recommendations for Postexposure Prophylaxis
JSTOR.org August 6, 2013
Dental case manager encounters: the association with retention in dental care and treatment plan completion
Spec Care Dentist. 2013 Mar
Retention of People Living with HIV/AIDS in Oral Health Care
Carol R. Tobias, Jane E. Fox, et al
Increasing Access to Oral Health Care for People Living with HIV/AIDS in the U.S.: Baseline Evaluation Results of the Innovations in Oral Health Care Initiative
Jane E. Fox , MPH / Carol R. Tobias , MMHS / Sara S. Bachman / David A. Reznik , DDS / Serena Rajabiun , MA, MPH / Niko Verdecias , MPH
"New Resource Highlights Innovations in Oral Health Care for People Living with HIV/AIDS"
blog.AIDS.gov (10.17.12)
HIVdent’s statement to HRSA on Ryan White reauthorization
July 31, 2012
Medicaid Adult Dental Benefits Online Database – Kaiser Family Foundation
Oral Health included as a leading indicator in Healthy People 2020!
Oral Health and HIV - The Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program, Jan 2012 (PDF)
Managing Oral Health Problems in People with HIV Infection
by David A. Reznik, DDS

Dental Treatment Research

Oral microbiota in youth with perinatally acquired HIV infection
Microbiome. 2018 May 31;6(1):100. doi: 10.1186/s40168-018-0484-6
Relationship between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) infection and chronic periodontitis
Expert Rev Clin Immunol. 2018 Mar 29
Survival of dental implants placed in HIV-positive patients: a systematic review
Ageing with HIV - a periodontal perspective
New Microbiol. 2018 Jan;41(1):61-66
"It was pain. That's it. It was pain." Lack of oral health care among otherwise healthy young adults living with HIV in South Africa: A qualitative study
PLoS One. 2017 Dec 22;12(12):e0188353. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0188353. eCollection 2017.
Factors associated with dental caries, periodontitis and intra-oral lesions in individuals with HIV/AIDS
AIDS Care. 2017 Nov 10:1-8. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2017.1400640

Delayed tooth emergence in children infected with human immunodeficiency virus

Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 2016 Oct

Association among oral symptoms, oral health-related quality of life, and health-related quality of life in a sample of adults living with HIV/AIDS in Malaysia

BMC Oral Health. 2017 Aug 22

Evaluation of salivary flow rate and gustatory function in HIV-positive patients with or without highly active antiretroviral therapy

Eur J Dent. 2017 Apr-Jun;11(2):226-231. doi: 10.4103/ejd.ejd_289_16
Diabetes Enhances IL-17 Expression and Alters the Oral Microbiome to Increase Its Pathogenicity

Evaluation of salivary uric acid and pH in human immunodeficiency virus infected patients: A historical cohort study

Infect Disord Drug Targets | Apr 28, 2017
General Diseases Influence on Peri-Implantitis Development: a Systematic Review
J Oral Maxillofac Res. 2016 Sep 9;7(3):e5
A Cross-sectional Study to Assess the Knowledge and Attitude of the Private Dental Practitioners toward the Treatment of HIV/AIDS Infected Individuals
West Indian Med J. 2016 Mar 9. pii: wimj.2015.391. doi: 10.7727/wimj.2015.391
Dental Health Status of HIV-Positive Patients and Related Variables in Southeast Iran
Int J High Risk Behav Addict. 2016 Feb 22;5(2):e29149. doi: 10.5812/ijhrba.29149. eCollection 2016.

Delayed tooth emergence in children infected with human immunodeficiency virus

Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 2016 Jun 29

The Association between the History of HIV Diagnosis and Oral Health

2016 Release of Journal Citation Reports
The Burden of Oral Disease among Perinatally HIV-Infected and HIV-Exposed Uninfected Youth
Moscicki AB, et al. PLoS One. 2016

Changes in Dental Students' Attitudes About Treating Underserved Populations: A Longitudinal Study.

J Dent Educ. 2016 May;80(5):517-525

Perception of taste in HIV-positive individuals in treatment antiretroviral: results of a case-control study

Spec Care Dentist | April 26, 2016

Does HIV infection have an impact upon dental implant osseointegration? A systematic review
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2015 May 1;20(3):e347-56.

Pattern of Utilisation of Dental Health Care Among HIV-positive Adult Nigerians
Oral Health Prev Dent. 2015 Dec 15
Periodontal Conditions in HIV+ Patients Under Haart From a Metropolitan Area of Rio De Janeiro
J Periodontol. 2015 Nov 26:1-11
Dentistry and HIV/AIDS related stigma
NCBI | Oct 19, 2015
Oral health management of 97 patients living with HIV/AIDS in Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil
Braz Oral Res. 2015;29(1):1-6. doi: 10.1590/1807-3107BOR-2015.vol29.0101. Epub 2015 Aug 21

Key Facts

Dental Patient Education
Treatment Planning and Ongoing Care
From the JADA (Journal of the American Dental Association) Dental Management of the HIV-Infected Patient, 1995 & the American Academy of Oral Medicine
HIV And The Dental Team
Now Available: 2011 Guide for HIV/AIDS Clinical Care
Breaking Down Barriers
Dimensions of Dental Hygiene
HIV and the Mouth
The AIDS InfoNet

News Updates

Data show young adults twice as likely as older adults to visit the ED for antibiotic-related ADEs
CDC | April 6, 2018
June JADA Examines US Immigrants’ Oral Health Status.
JADA | June 2018
Novel oral anticoagulants and bleeding risk in patients undergoing dental treatment
Assessment of inappropriate antibiotic prescribing among a large cohort of general dentists in the United States
J Am Dent Assoc. 2018 May;149(5):372-381.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.adaj.2017.11.034
ADA, NIH Aim To Collaborate To Address Dentistry’s Place In Preventing Opioid Misuse
Dentistry in the News | April 2, 2018
Antibiotic Therapy Duration in US Adults With Sinusitis
JAMA Network | March 26, 2018
House Passes Action For Dental Health Act
Trends in FQHC Oral Health Care
Target Center | March 7, 2018
Dentition Status and Treatment Needs among Women involved in Sex Work as a Profession in the Red Light District of Pune, Maharashtra, India: A Cross-sectional Study
J Contemp Dent Pract. 2018 Mar 1;19(3):269-272
Dentists Ask For More Funding For Treating Patients With Medicaid
WPR | February 27, 2018
Vitamin D deficiency and periodontal clinical attachment loss in HIV-seropositive women: A secondary analysis conducted in the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS)
Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 2018 Feb 19
NYTimes: Lack Of Medicaid Dental Coverage Affects Health, Employment Prospects
New York Times | February 19, 2018
Consumer Reports Discusses Dental Health With Aging
Consumer Reports | November 30, 2017
Oral health camp held for children infected with HIV
The Hindu | November 28, 2017
Knowledge, attitudes and practices surrounding occupational blood-borne pathogen exposure amongst students in two Chinese dental schools
Eur J Dent Educ. 2016 Nov;20(4):206-212. doi: 10.1111/eje.12162. Epub 2015 Jul 16
Xerostomia Is “A Common Side Effect” Of Some Prescription Medications
Prevention Magazine | November 16, 2017
High Comfort Level With STI Self-Tests in HIV Group; Results Match Provider Tests
IDWeek2017/IDSA, October 4-8, 2017, San Diego
ADA: “Amalgam Is A Valuable, Viable And Safe Choice”
Dentistry in the News

Correlation of CD4 count with cariogenic oral flora indicators and dental caries in HIV-seropositive children undergoing antiretroviral therapy in Mangaluru, South India.

J Investig Clin Dent. 2017 Sep 1.

Patients with HIV, AIDS, served at new MAO Dental Clinic

Montgomery Advertiser | September 1, 2017

Study: Slight Drop In Measles Vaccinations Could Trigger Measles Outbreak

JAMA Network | July 31, 2017

Antibiotic Use in the United States: Progress and Opportunities

CDC | July 31, 2017

IDHEF: Seminar focused on Maryland's approach to interdisciplinary care of HIV patients

Dentistry IQ | June 20, 2017

CDC QuickStats: Percentage of Adults with Diabetes Aged 65+ Years Who Saw Selected Types of Health Professionals in the Past 12 Months - NHIS 2015

CDC | May 19, 2017

A national imperative: Oral health services in Medicare

JADA | May 2017
HPI Develops New State-Level Approach To Measuring Access To Dental Care

The Devastating Effects of Dental Inequality in America

New Republic | May 25, 2017

Arab dentists' refusal to treat HIV positive patients: a survey of recently graduated dentists from three Arab dental schools

PubMed | April 21, 2017

Detection of Pneumocystis jirovecii in oral wash from immunosuppressed patients as a diagnostic tool

PLoS One. 2017 Mar 30

Children Without Dental Coverage More Likely To Have Unmet Dental Needs, Survey Finds

HealthDay (4/10, Preidt)

Pittsburgh AIDS Task Force honors Shadyside dentist

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette | Mar 15, 2017

Dentistry advocates aim to fill Medicare gaps

USA Today | March 2, 2017

Work-related infections in dentistry: risk perception and preventive measures

Clin Oral Investig. 2017 Jan 18

Potential gingival crevicular fluid and serum biomarkers by stage of HIV infection

Science Direct | Volume 91, March 2017, Pages 96–103

FDI World Dental Federation Develops A New Definition For Oral Health

PRNewswire | December 23, 2016
Fox News Magazine: Study Finds Many Americans Forgo Dental Care Due To Cost
California Launches Pilot To Improve Health Of Vulnerable Populations
Study Suggests Few Older Americans Have Dental Insurance
InsuranceNewsNet | December 15, 2016

Oral Health & More

Health Affairs December 2016; Volume 35, Issue 12
Updates to HAB PCN #16-02, Dental Insurance now covered! RWHAP Program Services: Eligible Individuals and Allowable Uses of Funds

80% of Nigerians lacks oral health care —MINISTER

Vanguard | 11/30/16
The association between oral health literacy and missed dental appointments

Austin public health professional honored for her work

MyStatesman.com | November 2, 2016

Howard Dental Center provides life-changing dental work to patients with HIV or AIDS

The Denver Post | October 31, 2016

Prospective cohort study of dental implant success rate in patients with AIDS

PubMed/ | Int J Implant Dent. 2016 Dec
Column: Many Seniors Need Dental Care But Lack Coverage
NPR: Maintaining Oral Health May Be Difficult For People With Disabilities
CDC: Seniors May Have More New Tooth Decay Than Children
Most Dental Patients Do Not Require Antibiotic Prophylaxis Prior To Procedures
Dentistry in the News
ADA Supports NIDCR Research Initiatives
Interprofessional Collaborative Practice Models in Chronic Disease Management
Dent Clin North Am. 2016 Oct;60(4):789-809. doi: 10.1016/j.cden.2016.05.001. Epub 2016 Aug 5.
FDI World Dental Federation Develops New Definition Of Oral Health

Georgia kids have dental access problem

Georgia Health News | August 22, 2016
Stigma Around HIV in Dental Care: Patient’s Experiences
J Can Dent Assoc. 2016 Feb;82:g1

For Kentuckians Living With HIV/AIDS, Dental Care Is Complicated

89.3 WFPL | August 11, 2016

Bill providing dental insurance for vets goes to Obama

DrBiCuspid.com | July 22, 2016

Oral Health in Pregnancy

JOGNN | July–August, 2016

Historic Commitment to Oral Health

HRSA | July 2016

How Diabetes Can Affect Your Teeth and Gums

Coast Dental

HHS Awards $156 Million to Health Centers to Expand Oral Health Services

HHS.gov | June 16, 2016

Dentists, Surgeons Turning Away HIV Patients in Taiwan

Note from HIVdent: Until there is a cure, we will have to continue our educational efforts to ensure equal access to care for PLWH around the world!

The News Lens | May 24, 2016
Report Studies Oral Health in Older Adults

Why Some Republicans Actually Want To Expand Medicaid

Think Progress

Editorial: The real pain of bad Medicaid dental policy

Tampa Bay Times | May 6, 2016
Caregivers' perception of oral health-related quality of life in a group of Nigerian children living with human immunodeficiency virus
Niger J Clin Pract. 2016 May-Jun;19(3):368-74. doi: 10.4103/1119-3077.179281

Oral Health Strategic Framework 2014–2017

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Access to Dental Care in Medicaid: Spotlight on Nonelderly Adults

Kaiser Family Foundation | March 19, 2016

Oral Health and HIV

SouthFloridaGayNews.com | Feb 19, 2016

Predicting Periodontitis at State and Local Levels in the United States

Journal of Dental Research

Guiding Innovations to Improve the Oral Health of Adult Medicaid Beneficiaries

Center for Health Care Strategies | January 2016
The Oral Health Care System: A State-By-State Analysis
JADA Study Examines Dental Disease In Methamphetamine Users
New Results Available on CMS Oral Health Initiative

A bi-partisan advisory commission suggests adding adult dentistry to New Hampshire Medicaid.
Eagle Tribune | New Hampshire | Nov 14, 2015

HIV/AIDS awareness among Iraqi medical and dental students
J Int Soc Prev Community Dent. 2015 Sep-Oct
HRSA Oral Health: Across the Agency Brief
HRSA | August 2015

HIV/AIDS patients find needed dental help at Howard Dental

The Denver Post | Nov 1, 2015

Dr. David Reznik Has Been Recognized Among the Top in His Industry by the Expert Network©

Digital Journal | Oct 21, 2015
Rectal and Pharyngeal Screening Yields Higher GC/CT Positive Rates in HIV+ Men
IDSA/IDWeek 2015, October 7-11, San Diego
Barriers and facilitators to dental care among HIV-Infected adults
HIV PReP Brief for Oral Health Professionals
Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Financial Access to Dental Care among Medicare Beneficiaries: Something to Chew On
Medicaid lagging on dental care
Too Many Adults Continue to Go without Dental Care
FamiliesUSA – July 9, 2015
Experts: Ending Medicaid dental benefit is costly
University of Iowa via Science Daily – May 27, 2015
CHIP infographic from Children's Dental Health Project
Governor of Illinois Proposes Substantial Cuts to Medicaid, Including Dental Benefits
Recommendations for Improving Children’s Access to Dental Care

Does HIV infection have an impact upon dental implant osseointegration? A systematic review.

Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2015 Feb 7

The dental professional's role in HIV education: It's an ethical responsibility

Dentistry IQ

Advancing Dental Access, Innovation, and Quality for Adult Medicaid Beneficiaries

Digital Stories of Oral and HIV Health

Special Health Resources for Texas: Dental Program
AIDS Care Group
HIV Alliance